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How to Use Trailing Stop Loss (5 Powerful Techniques That Work) 

Last Updated: October 28, 2020

By Rayner

What is a trailing stop loss

Have you ever wondered how professional traders ride big trends?

You know the type of trend that keeps going higher and your profit keeps snowballing 鈥 while you do nothing.

Well, the secret is this鈥

They use a trailing stop loss.

You鈥檙e thinking:

鈥淚t doesn鈥檛 work.鈥

鈥淚鈥檝e used it before but the market always hit my stop loss before it trends.鈥

That鈥檚 because:

  1. You have the wrong expectations about riding a trend
  2. You鈥檙e using the wrong trailing stop loss technique
  3. Your trailing stop loss is too tight

But don鈥檛 worry.

I鈥檒l teach you how to fix all these and more in today鈥檚 post.

PLUS, you鈥檒l learn 5 powerful techniques to trail your stop loss so you can reduce risk and ride MASSIVE trends.

Now if you prefer, you can watch this training video below鈥

What is a trailing stop loss and how does it work

A trailing stop loss is an order that 鈥渓ocks in鈥 profits as the price moves in your favor.

And you鈥檒l only exit the trade if the market reverses by X amount.

This is how a trailing stop loss looks like:

Here鈥檚 a trailing stop example:

You bought ABC stock for $100 and your trailing stop loss is $10.

This means if the price goes higher to $120, your trailing stop loss is at $110 (120鈥10).

And you鈥檒l exit the trade if the price drops to $110.

See how it works?

Now you might be wondering鈥

Why use a trailing stop loss?

Let鈥檚 be honest.

You and I both can鈥檛 predict how long a trend will last.

But what you can do is, use a trailing stop loss and take what the market offers you.

Disadvantages of Trailing Stop Loss

Now here鈥檚 the truth:

Most of the time (even if you use a trailing stop loss), you鈥檒l not ride a trend.

Also, it鈥檚 common to watch your winners turn into losers 鈥 as the price moves in your favor and then hit your trailing stop loss.

This causes many traders to give up and they鈥檒l claim 鈥渋t doesn鈥檛 work鈥.

But here鈥檚 thing鈥

If you can endure the emotional swings, you鈥檒l eventually catch a huge trend 鈥 possibly achieving a 1 to 20 risk to reward or more.

And this is something most traders never get to experience because 鈥渋t doesn鈥檛 work鈥 for them.

Next鈥

How to trail your stop loss with Moving Average

The Moving Average is an indicator that averages out the past prices and shows it as a line on your chart.

You can use it to identify the trend, filter out the 鈥渘oise鈥, etc.

If you want to learn more, go check out The Moving Average Indicator Strategy Guide.

But for now, let鈥檚 learn how to use it to trail your stop loss.

Here鈥檚 how:

  1.  Decide on the type of trend you want to ride
  2.  Use the appropriate Moving Average
  3.  Exit when the price closes beyond it

This means if you want to ride a short-term trend, you can trail your stop loss with a 20-period Moving Average (MA) 鈥 and exit your trade if the price closes beyond it.

An example:

trailing stop loss

Pro Tip:

You can use the 50-period MA to ride the medium-term trend and the 200-period MA to ride the long-term trend.

Average True Range indicator: How to use it to enormous big trends

Have you seen traders use a fixed 20 pip trailing stop loss?

It鈥檚 a joke.

威客电竞竞猜 it doesn鈥檛 consider the volatility of the markets.

Imagine having a 20 pip stop loss when the market swings an average of 200 pips a day.

It鈥檚 like flushing money down the toilet bowl.

So, what鈥檚 the solution?

You can use the Average True Range (ATR) indicator to set a volatility based trailing stop.

Here鈥檚 how it works鈥

  1. Decide on the ATR multiple you鈥檒l use (whether it鈥檚 3, 4, 5 etc.)
  2. If you鈥檙e long, then minus X ATR from the highs and that鈥檚 your trailing stop loss
  3. If you鈥檙e short, then add X ATR from the lows and that鈥檚 your trailing stop loss

To make your life easier, there鈥檚 a useful indicator called 鈥淐handelier stops鈥 (from TradingView) which performs this function.

Pro Tip:

You can use 2 ATR to ride the short-term trend, 4 ATR for medium-term trend, and 6 ATR for a long-term trend.

You don鈥檛 need a chart to trail your stop loss, here鈥檚 how鈥

Decide on the trailing stop loss percentage where you鈥檒l exit the trade.

It can be 10%, 20%, or whatever you decide.

For example:

If you buy ABC stock at $100 and have a trailing stop of 10%.

This means if ABC stock drops 10% (from its high), you鈥檒l exit the trade.

An example:

trailing stop loss

Pro Tip:

This technique is useful when trading a portfolio of stocks with equal weight for each position.

The zero indicator method to trail your stop loss

You know an uptrend consists of higher highs and lows.

This means you can use the swing low to trail your stop loss because if the trend holds, it shouldn鈥檛 close below it.

Here鈥檚 how to do it:

  1. Identify the previous swing low
  2. Set your trailing stop loss below the swing low
  3. If the price closes below it, exit the trade

An example鈥

Pro Tip:

The market tends to 鈥渉unt鈥 stop losses below Support or swing low.

To avoid it, set your stop loss 1 ATR below the market structure.

How to trail your stop loss when the market goes 鈥渃razy鈥

What do I mean by 鈥渃razy?鈥

It鈥檚 when the market goes parabolic in one straight line (like a rocket taking off).

For example:

But here鈥檚 the thing:

Parabolic moves are not sustainable.

It鈥檚 a matter of time before the market reverse and COLLAPSE.

So, in market conditions like these, you want to trail your stop loss tightly.

Don鈥檛 give it too much room to breathe because you want to 鈥渞un鈥 at the first sign of cracks.

So, how do you do it?

  1. Identify the timeframe of the parabolic move
  2. Trail your stop loss on the previous candle low
  3. Exit if the price breaks and close below it

Here鈥檚 an example:

As you can see, this technique got you out of Bitcoin at $17,000 鈥 and avoided the collapse.

Bonus Trading Tip: How to capture a swing and ride massive trends (at the same time)

Here鈥檚 the thing:

There鈥檚 no rule to say you must either capture a swing or ride a trend.

Instead, you can do both!

This means you have the consistency of a swing trader plus, the ability to ride big trends (like a Trend Follower).

So, how does it work?

Simple.

You exit a portion of your trade at a fixed target and let the remaining ride the trend.

Here鈥檚 an example:

Partial take profits on EUR/USD Weekly:

Now, there are two things to consider鈥

  1. How many units do you sell at your fixed target?
  2. How will you manage the remaining units?

Let me explain鈥

1. How many units do you sell at your fixed target?

Here鈥檚 the thing:

If you sell too little units, it becomes a Trend Following trade.

And if you sell too much, it becomes a swing trade.

For starters, you can sell 50% of your position at the first target and keep the remaining to ride a trend.

Once you鈥檙e proficient with this technique, you can 鈥減lay around鈥 with the percentage to suit your goals.

2. How will you manage the remaining units?

You鈥檝e hit your first target profit, yay!

What now?

Will you attempt to ride a trend or have a second target profit?

If you have a second target profit, where will it be?

If you want to ride a trend, how will you trail your stop loss?

Clearly, those are questions only you can answer (and it depends on your goals and personality).

So think about it.

Now you might be wondering鈥

Which is the best strategy to trail your stop loss?

I鈥檒l be honest.

There鈥檚 no best trailing stop strategy.

威客电竞竞猜 it depends on what YOU want from your trading.

For example:

To ride a short-term trend, you can trail with 20-period MA, 2 ATR, etc.

To ride a medium-term trend, you can trail with 50-period MA, 4 ATR, etc.

To ride a long-term trend, you can trail with a 200-period MA, 6 ATR, etc.

Do you see my point?

The most important question to ask is鈥

What鈥檚 the type of trend you want to capture?

Then use the right technique to achieve your goal.

Conclusion

  • A trailing stop loss is an order that 鈥渓ocks in鈥 profits as the price moves in your favor
  • You can trail your stop loss using: Moving Average, Average True Range, percentage change, market structure, and weekly high/low
  • There鈥檚 no best method to trail your stop loss. Instead, ask yourself what鈥檚 the type of trend you want to capture and then use the right technique for it

Now here鈥檚 my question to you鈥

How do you trail your stop loss and ride the trend?

Leave a comment below and share your thoughts with me on trailing stop loss.

  • Hey R
    Just received your email on trailing stops.
    I’m using you strategies and mixing it with Heikin Ashi candles and killing it. I trail my stop by bring my stop above/below the provisions days HA.
    Do you ever use heikin ashi? M

    • Everything is a derivative of past prices, even the chart you use.

      Moving Average can act as a “barrier” in trending markets so your stops can go beyond it to ride a trend.

  • Wow, this is awesome information!! I’m a newbie and with my paper trades I’ve just been setting up regular stop losses. I can start incorporating the trailing stop loss, so I can practice some swing trading. I’ve heard of trailing stop losses, but wasn’t exactly sure how to implement it. I will definitely try it.

  • Example if i purcahse 100 rupees share.in the trailing stop loss order, i would like to give 10 rupees , what i have to enter in trailing stop loss 10 or 90?.

  • If i buy a 100 rupees share.if i would like to give 10 rupees as trailing stop.in stop loss order,what should i enter 10 or 90 in trailing stop loss?

  • Every 15 minutes, I run the last 10 days of minute candles through the routine that determines how to trail for a number of different values for the parameters that determine how to manage the trailing stop loss orders.

    The optimum values are written to the database and are used by the same routine that runs live.

  • Hi Rayner,

    How do you position size with a trailing stop loss strategy (trail by
    1 ATR from most recent high’s close price). I do not think your previously introduced position sizing formula 1% of trading capital / take profit – stop loss works for the particular trailing stop loss strategy (by 1 ATR). Thanks!

  • Hey hey hi my friend reyner,
    I want to share something here, i strongly follow your Technics and it improves my trading, thanks for your guidance n share your thoughts to us, while taking trade sell on high n buy at lows according to Trend i set my stoploss 5-10 points below/above on previous highs /lows and after the trend give me 15-20 points on my way i set it to cost to cost and accordingly trailing my stoploss!!!!

  • Excellent info and well presented, Rayner. Thanks! One thing I might note is that sometimes you will get gigantic candles in your trade’s direction. In that case, the trailing stop you’re using may be tighter than setting a stop at the previous candle’s close.

  • Hi Bro ,I Begginer for Trading every time am trading loss only am booking ,pls guide me i want expert in trading,and i seen your videos too it’s helpful for me

  • I use Swing high/low and book profit in in every swing because i don’t want to confuse myself in many things.. i am from india

  • Hello Rayner,
    Thanks for article which I enjoyed because it was – among other things – easy to read and simple to understand and provided a good choice of methods with directions on how to use. Quality work.

  • Hey R!!!
    I like to ride the trend and book my profit at 1/2 % of trade with using trailing stop loss some how beyond the 20 MA

  • hallo
    i have been looking for this trailing stop months now, every one tells you how to use it, but i did’t find a person telling me where to find it
    so please tell me where can i find the trailing stop ?

  • Am blessed to have you as my mentor after so many years of trading blindly and losing always am glad to say my trading it’s 70% win. Thank you so much my friend.

  • Another convert to 鈥榯he鈥 Rayner way….just reading a few of your articles has changed loss after loss into win after win….love the presentation style too!!
    I was getting fed up with the 鈥榮top loss hunters鈥 …..

  • I am just loving the way you put your teachings making me want to start trading like a pro even when I am just starting. Keep it up man

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